A “Criminal Revision under Section 397 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CPC)” refers to a legal provision that enables the High Court to exercise its revisional jurisdiction over criminal cases. Section 397 of the CPC grants the High Court the power to call for and examine the records of any criminal proceeding before any inferior court for the purpose of satisfying itself about the correctness, legality, or propriety of any finding, sentence, or order.
This provision allows the High Court to intervene in cases where it believes that an error, illegality, or impropriety has occurred in the decision-making process of the lower courts. The High Court, upon examining the records, may either confirm, modify, annul, or reverse the orders or judgments passed by the lower courts if it finds any substantial irregularity or error that affects the rights or interests of the accused or the prosecution.
The purpose of criminal revision under Section 397 CPC is to ensure that justice is served, and correct legal procedures are followed. It acts as a safeguard against miscarriage of justice and provides an avenue for the High Court to rectify errors or injustices that may have occurred during the trial or in the orders passed by lower courts in criminal cases.